In certain people, diabetes can cause hair thinning or noticeable hair loss. In diabetes people, the immune system can sometimes assault the hair follicles.
Diabetes may also cause hair loss. To help manage the loss of the hair, doctors often prescribe insulin for people with diabetes.
Sometimes diabetes affects children and adults. They may not have enough insulin in their blood supply to process fat in the body, causing baldness.
Causes of baldness
People can develop baldness from several different causes. In some cases, baldness occurs because of abnormal hormone levels in the body, such as pregnancy, diabetes or certain hormonal drugs, such as birth control pills and estrogen. Hair loss can also be caused by certain types of cancer, such as melanoma, which is the most common form of scalp cancer.
Other factors that can trigger baldness in people with other health issues, such as cardiovascular disease, may also lead to baldness, as may an inherited condition.
Some people with certain types of cancer, such as breast or colon, may have a weakened immune system that can damage hair follicles in the body.
Causes of baldness in other groups
In addition to baldness caused by diabetes, baldness can also be caused by:
People living in older age groups have higher rates of baldness. The average bald head in men and women under age 40 is 3 centimeters (about 1 inch). Women typically have fewer hairs in their heads than men. If hair loss is a problem, see a doctor to rule out other conditions that may make your balding worse, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, liver disease, depression or anxiety.
People who overeat foods high in sugar, salt and fat may also have more hair loss. High blood pressure is one risk factor. People who have high cholesterol are more likely to experience hair loss. For women, low levels of a protein called cortisol are also linked to balding.
Itching, itching, burning or skin irritation caused by allergic reactions to hair care products may also cause you to experience short hair.
If you find yourself experiencing these symptoms after your treatment, it may be a sign that you are allergic to your treatment and you need to seek medical attention.
When to contact your doctor
In most cases, you won’t notice any effect on your hair after your treatment.
If you think you have an allergy, contact your doctor immediately to discuss your symptoms and plan a safe, alternative treatment plan.
Insensitivity to the active ingredients of some ingredients is common in diabetics. These products work because the active ingredients make your body produce insulin. Without the necessary amount of insulin, your body can’t process fats. Your skin and mucous membranes may become inflamed, and your body may release substances called prostaglandins, which may irritate your skin or cause a rash.
Your body also produces a chemical called acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), which is also found in hair-care products.
Signs and symptoms
In people with diabetes, dry, flaky or brittle hair is more common than it is in people with normal blood sugar levels. The dry hair may also appear in the area where your hair has fallen out.
Many women complain of hair loss as a result of pregnancy or childbirth. This hair loss may also occur after menopause. Some men develop hair loss that can be easily spotless or appear to have two distinct types. It’s not clear whether or not these hair loss disorders are caused by hair loss itself or the specific product used.
Because your hair becomes thicker, darker and less thin after treatment, it becomes more difficult to manage hair loss. This makes treatment even more difficult, and you have to do it more often. The more frequent you do the treatment, the longer your treatment may take.
Insensitivity or immune-mediated reactions to some treatments may also lead to more severe hair loss. People who have suffered such reactions often have trouble finding a treatment that works.
Over time, a type of dry scalp syndrome may develop called folliculitis. It can be life-threatening if not treated. A dermatologist may prescribe other treatments to try to relieve symptoms.
If you have allergies to some hair care ingredients, they may be more likely to react to certain topical treatments. If you experience any of the following symptoms, consult your doctor immediately:
Itching or burning of the skin caused by a chemical used as a hair care ingredient
Excessive or irregular hair growth that is out of proportion to your scalp’s natural growth pattern
The hair is more thin, thinning, thinning or falling out
The hair falls out and looks thin or flat
How to prevent it
Before you begin treatment
Take a test to check your blood sugar level. Hair loss symptoms may occur while your blood sugar level is high, so test your blood sugar level periodically.
It may take a few days for your hair to return to normal after treatment. Your doctor may recommend that you stop your treatment for a while while you recover, so you can get a better handle on the condition.
Before you start treatment, wash your hair with shampoo and hot water. If the condition starts suddenly, wash more often so you don’t cause any problems. Washing and styling your hair does not hurt or harm it.
How to treat it
If you’re a woman with hair loss that is severe or if you have any other concerns that could cause a rash, your doctor may recommend that you try a special type of treatment.
You should wash your hair with a mild soap that will allow you to get a good grip on your hair without causing any damage.
Your hair may be shampooed before treatment and then dry shampooed for at least 24 hours before your treatment. Your doctor may also recommend a treatment that involves a product called hydroquinone.
Before your treatment starts, take some time to shower and relax. Your doctor may ask you to sleep in a hospital bed or in a special chair to ease your symptoms.
You may need to use the same product daily for a month to take effect.
You may need to stop taking some of the product at any time. To ease the itching, you may need to apply a gel. A mild cream is recommended, but if it’s not comfortable for you, another product may work better.
During treatment, apply your products as instructed by your doctor.